What is the difference between basic psychology and organizational psychology?

The field of psychology encompasses a wide range of specialisations (i.e. geriatric, organizational, sports, health, family, individual, group, couples, spiritual, pediatric, etc.). In truth, the majority of psychologists work with a wide range of people (i.e. racial, religious, cultural, class, economic levels, personalities, etc.). Others work in private practises, skilled nursing facilities (nursing homes), social service agencies, and educational/research institutes. One of the most significant distinctions between organisational psychology and basic psychology is that organisational psychology is concerned with the workplace (organizations). It assesses workplace policies and procedures, as well as employee work performance and mental/emotional wellness. Human mental processes and behaviours are the primary subject of general psychology. Furthermore, basic psychologists treat a wide range of psychological diseases and mental illnesses, whereas organisational psychologists assist personnel with counselling and coaching.

Organizational Psychology

The study of workplace activities is known as organisational psychology, sometimes known as industrial psychology and industrial-organizational psychology. To put it another way, this style of mentality is most common in corporations (i.e. companies, agencies and businesses). Employee Assistance Program Counselors (EAP) are employed by some organisations to assist employees with issues that may influence their job performance or mental/emotional well-being.

Organizational psychologists, in general, are concerned with employees’ emotional well-being. For example, if an employee’s home difficulties appear to be influencing his or her work performance, an organisational psychologist will meet with him or her and help him or her resolve the problems so that he or she may be more productive at work. 

These psychologists assist organisations in achieving the following goals: improving workplace processes, increasing productivity and quality scores, ensuring workplace fairness and equality, strengthening upper management and employee relationships, and monitoring company employees’ psychological well-being. Individual individuals, groups of employees, and/or the entire organisation may benefit from organisational psychology services. To make changes within businesses, these specialists employ a variety of psychological strategies, approaches, techniques, and procedures. 

Assessing workplace practises, engaging with employees, “diagnosing” workplace problems, proposing solutions, and implementing those changes are the main responsibilities of an organisational psychologist. A PhD degree in organisational psychology might take up to seven (7) years to finish. It’s worth noting that certain colleges/universities provide organisational psychology graduate degrees (master’s programmes), which is significant because some employers will hire people who have only a master’s degree and a license/certification. After completing a PhD programme and obtaining the relevant licences and certifications, an individual can seek employment as an organisational psychologist.

Basic Psychology

The study of human cognitive processes and actions is known as general psychology. General psychologists work with people from all walks of life who are dealing with a variety of psychological and mental health difficulties (i.e. cognitive and behavioural problems and disorders). These mental health specialists don’t normally specialise in one field of psychology; instead, they look into, investigate, evaluate, diagnose, and treat a wide range of conditions. To research, evaluate, and treat clients, a general psychologist employs a variety of psychological approaches, methods, and techniques (e.g., behavioural studies, psychological exams, statistics). 

Furthermore, they explore a wide range of psychological topics, including cognitive psychology, child psychology, developmental psychology, experimental psychology, personality psychology, social psychology, health psychology, forensic psychology, environmental psychology, and psychopharmacology. It’s worth noting that associate, bachelor’s, and master’s degrees in general psychology are available at a variety of technical, community, and traditional colleges and universities. Additionally, just because someone has an associate’s, bachelor’s, or master’s degree in general psychology does not indicate they are qualified to call themselves a psychologist.

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